Each bicycle type is designed to meet specific needs of the rider. Location of a seat, pedals and steering wheel is very important to achieve a comfortable ride on the bike. No matter whether you have a bike, or you are only going to buy it, it is very important to understand if the particular bike fits you. Here are some tips for you on How To Choose A Mountain Bike. Part 1 of 3: How to measure yourself and bike. 1) Measure the length of the legs on the inside. For this: – stand with your back to the wall, hold the book between your legs; – measure the distance from the top edge of the book to the floor with a tape; – multiply the resulting number (in inches) by 0.67. – subtract 4 to get the length of the seat tube. *If you have a C-C frame, then multiply by 0.65. 2) Measure the length of the seat tube. If you have a bike, you will want to know whether it has the right size for you. Here’s how you can do it: – find the top of the seat tube; – measure the distance from this point to the middle of the axis, which holds the pedal. This dimesion is the length of your seat tube. Does it fit to your ideal size of the seat tube? 4) Determine your anatomical size. Now you know what height should your bike be. So you need to understand how the steering wheel should stand depending on the length of your torso. Measure your span (from the fingertips of the one hand to the fingertips of another one) and subtract your height. If you receive a positive number (your arm span is longer than your height), then you should choose the largest size; if you recieve a negative one (your height is bigger than span), you should select the smallest size. If you are still in doubts, for whatever reason, choose a smaller size. Riding on the bike of a smaller size is not as traumatic as on the bigger one. 5) To be more precise, determine the ideal length of the top tube. Here’s how to do it: – stand with your back to the wall; – measure the distance from the fingertips to the clavicle; – measure from your crotch to the pit on your neck; – add two resulting numbers to each other and divide by 2; – add 4 to this number. Now you have the right length of the top tube for you. *Example: Imagine that the length of your hand is 24, and the length of the body is 25. 50/2 = 25. 25 + 4 = 29. Thus, 29 is the needed length of the top tube, based on your size. Part 2 of 3: How to size a mountain bike and to make a right choice. 1) Check out this table with recommendations. Now you know the required size, so check whether it is consistent with the overall size of the bicycle. There is a single size base, in spite of slight differences depending on the manufacturer. XS: 13-14 inches (height 152 – 162 cm) S: 14-16 inches (height 162 – 170 cm) M: 16-18 inches (height 170 – 177 cm) L: 18-20 inches (height 177 – 185 cm) XL: 20-22 inches (height more than 185 cm) 2) Find your ideal position. Sometimes math is not important. What is always important – it’s how you feel the bike. This is the position your body should be in: – arms (your shoulders should be relaxed and your elbows should be slightly bent); – sitting (when you are sitting on the bike, your heel should barely touch the pedals); – knees (when the pedal is in the lowest position, your knee should be slightly bent). Part 3 of 3: Adjust your bike 1) Adjust the seat height. Using these measurements, adjust the length of the seat tube. To do this you need a tape and a wrench. Here’s how: – attach the end of the tape measure to the place where the pedal crank is attached to the bike; – stretch the tape measure to the seat height, which has been measured on the inside of the legs; – loosen the bolt that holds the seatpost with a wrench; – spin the seatpost up and down until it snaps into the desired position; – tighten the bolt using a wrench. 2) Adjust the steering wheel: – loosen the bolt at the base of the steering wheel (use a standard wrench, turning it to the left); – raise or lower the steering wheel in the most comfortable position; – tighten the wheel. 3) Adjust the seat tilt. It is better if the seat is completely smooth. Few people prefer to tilt the seat up or down, basically everybody rides on a flat seat. It is important to remember two things: – tilt the seat up or down so that your pelvis is on the same level when you are sitting on the bike; – tilt the seat so that you are not slipping forward or backward while driving. 4) Test your installation. You would not buy a car without a test drive, would you? When you are checking your mountain bike, your hips should not turn, you should not have much pull hand, you should not distort in different directions, there should not be even a slight feeling of discomfort. You can check your bike as follows: – sit on the bike; – make sure you wear special shoes; – look at your hips, they should be pointed straight ahead; – set the pedals so that one of them is at its lowest point (thus the pedal is located so close to the ground as possible); – place one foot on the pedal is lowered; – your knee should be slightly bent and the heel should confidently stand on the pedal surface; – lean to the steering wheel with your hands bent. Make sure that you have bought the most necessary tools for How To Choose A Mountain Bike and spare parts for the repairing: spare camera, a set of patches, tools for tire pump, multi-tool, grease for the chain and purse where you can put all these things. In most cases, one bicycle you will find better than others. Ideally, a bike must meet your needs, both at the moment and after a while, when you improve your cycling technique. You have to feel the bike as an extension of your body, and not as a strange appendage with which you are constantly fighting. Think about your comfort and choose the mountain bike carefully.